General Rules of the UIAA for Mountain Trips
The UIAA is the international climbing and mountaineering federation. Recognized by the International Olympic Committee, the UIAA plays a very important role in regulating safety and standards in the equipment used for the various activities related to the mountain, in fact, the UIAA certification for climbing equipment is today in Day practically an obligation for the brands of excellence. In addition, it is an organization committed to the care of the environment that ensures a sustainable practice of mountain trips.
In this article we leave the general suggestions that the UIAA recommends to those who have little or no mountain experience and who wish to carry out their activities in a safe way.
Before Going to the Mountains
- Adapt your goals and the level of the activity to your current state of health and fitness. Be honest with yourself.
- All chronic diseases should be treated appropriately. You must guarantee an adequate and sufficient supply of the medicines that you usually take for the whole expedition; in addition, you should bring spare medicines in case of loss.
- If you have any doubts about your health, consult a doctor.
- You must have all the personal medical equipment you need and, of course, know how to use it before leaving for the mountains. Organize your trip and contract health insurance according to planned activities.
Before starting the route
- You must know the weather forecast. Find advice and information about the route. Adapt your journey to existing conditions and time frames. Before leaving register your route or ascension to be made somewhere (that is, the destination, the route and the scheduled return date).
- Do not forget the basic equipment (enough food and drink, adequate clothing, basic equipment for emergency situations, a first aid kit, sunglasses, hat or cap)
- You must stores the telephones of the local rescue services.
During the route
- Walk slowly the first 30 minutes of the tour to allow the body to adapt progressively.
- Rest, drink and eat every 2-3 hours if possible. You should eat little and drink a lot, even if you are not hungry or thirsty. Eat a diet rich in carbohydrates (cookies, energy bars …). Do not drink alcohol until you have finished your activity on the mountain.
- Children and the elderly have fewer physical reserves than adults. They need to rest, drink and eat more often.
- Over 2,500-3,000 meters, if the terrain allows, do not increase the height where you will sleep more than 300-500 meters per day. It is also advisable to spend an extra night at the same altitude every 3 days of promotion. If possible, do not sleep at the highest point reached during the day.
If a setback occurs
- In case of deterioration of the meteorological conditions you must descend from the tops or edges or leave the ferrate routes. In case of a storm, stay away from tall trees and electric poles. Do not stand in small caves or under rocky outcrops.
- Do not leave people who are injured or sick (Note: The language barrier is a risk factor! The person staying with the patient should speak in their language). The necessary treatment should be given, the victim must be protected from the cold and, when required, ask for help.
- If someone is not well at a point in the course, it should be considered as soon as possible (!) On how the descent or return will be made. If you feel bad in altitude, the symptoms are due to altitude until proven otherwise. Do not keep going up, and if you feel very sick or your condition worsens, you must descend immediately.
- Always know your location on the map or use GPS navigation. Knowledge of your position is basic to your prompt location in case of emergency.
While the recommendations we have just noted are basic, we believe its diffusion is prudent as more and more trekking and mountain trips enthusiasts are becoming more and more. It never hurts to review the fundamental principles of our activity.